Hemp Fabric: A Comprehensive Guide About This Sustainable Fabric

Hemp Fabric: A Comprehensive Guide About This Sustainable Fabric

Cotton is a very famous crop and records for about half of the portion of the world’s fiber needs. For thousands of years, it has been the chief material in fabrics. This is why an unbelievable 20 million tons of cotton is produced annually.

A recent study has shown that cotton creation should be increased four times by 2050. However, many individuals must learn that cotton creation involves many disadvantages along the supply chain. Around the world, working conditions fail to impress anyone.

Along with that, the environmental effect of this water and pesticide-concentrated plant is frequently misjudged.

As people become more aware of the regular ecological impacts of ordinary fabrics like cotton, they are constantly looking for other greener choices. 

Hemp fabric is incredibly sustainable and harmless to the ecosystem and can fulfill a similar role to cotton. This article discusses hemp in complete detail.

The manufacturing processes of hemp, its pros and cons, and the brands using this material are also discussed below.

What is Hemp Fabric?

Hemp is a natural fabric that is manufactured by using the stems of the Cannabis Sativa Plant. These days, this fabric is widely used to make many things in the fashion industry, including t-shirts and underwear.

Cannabis Sativa has been a wellspring of extraordinarily flexible and solid material fibers for quite a long time.

However, its psychoactive qualities have made it harder for farmers to grow this extremely beneficial plant.

For more than centuries, it has been manufactured for two undeniable purposes. From one perspective, cultivators of this plant have raised it in high tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other psychoactive substance constituents called cannabinoids.

In contrast, other cultivators have bred this plant to produce better and more durable fabrics. These cultivators have purposefully diminished the levels of psychoactive cannabinoids their crops make.

Hemp is practically identical to cotton whenever it is transformed into a fabric, yet it feels somewhat like canvas.

Hemp typically has a high resistance against shrinkage and is significantly impenetrable to pilling.

what is hemp fabric

Since fibers from hemp plants are sturdy and long, hemp is naturally soft.

However, it has shown strong durability for a long time. While a typical cotton shirt lasts almost ten years, a hemp shirt can triple that time.

Some assessments recommend that hemp material is stronger than the cotton surface.

What are the General Characteristics of Hemp?

Commonly said to be a super fiber, hemp is regarded as one of the most sustainable fabric on earth. It creates more fiber per acre than both flax and cotton. Some of its general characteristics are

  • Hemp fabric is a solid and durable material that can last long without degrading. Likewise, it gets softer with each wash while maintaining its durability.
  • Hemp strands stay tight and can bear more strain and tension than cotton. This is perfect for upholstery, where the fabric should be held tightly.
  • Considering fabric testing, hemp fabric clothing has a higher UV resistance than polyester.
  • It has astounding thermoregulating properties, keeping you warm in winter and cool in summer.
  • Hemp might look like flax fabric, yet it doesn’t have more flexible properties. This means that you can’t stretch it as much as other fabrics.
  • It is more water-absorbent than various fabrics, so it can keep you dry for longer. This makes it ideal for dyeing with standard tones. As a result, you’ll find hemp surfaces that are smooth, white, brown, dull, dim, or green.

How to make Hemp Fabrics

The manufacturing process of hemp involves five steps: planting, retting, extraction, combing, and spinning.

While it seems easy, the manufacturing process includes some labor-intensive tasks. Each step should be smoothed out for the specific end-use.

1. Planting Hemp Seeds

Hemp cultivation involves laying seeds close to each other to make tall stems that are 3 to 15 feet long and include a couple of fine strands. Once they turn into flowers, these stems are harvested.

cultivation of hemp plant.

As a crop, hemp grows well in mild climates and areas with high humidity.

Cannabis sativa plants are typically ready for gathering in mid-August in North America.

Most plants are harvested with the use of a particular machine.

After that, they are retted in the field for at least four months, which ensures pectin removal.

2. Retting

Water retting or dew retting are the processes used in industrial hemp creation. In water retting, the stems are soaked in warm water tanks for around ten days to dispose of pectins, which are noncellulose substances. While in dew retting, the branches are dried on the ground.

3. Extracting

After the stems become free from pectins, they are broken and beaten to detach the fibers from the stem’s wooden core.

4. Combing

The fibers are detached from the wooden parts and are combed to approach a thread of the fabric.

5. Spinning

Spinning bobbins are used to work the surface into thick thread. Wet spinning gives fine yarns, and dry spinning strings are coarser to the touch.

The best conditions for creating hemp are warm tropical regions or unobtrusively calm and gentle shapes. Hemp also leaves the soil in astonishing condition for any succeeding yield.

Hemp’s strong roots can penetrate for three feet or even more underground. The roots anchor and shield the ground from overflow. They collect and defend soil and earth structures like those of forests.

What is Hemp Fiber Used for?

Over the years, hemp fibers have been used for making various things. Some of them are


what is hemp fabric used for

Fabrics have been created utilizing hemp since old ages.

It is far more reasonable and far more sustainable than artificially created fabrics.

Moreover, hemp fabrics are perfect for people who are prone to allergies.


Hemp has been used to create shoes that give both comfort and durability.

Shoes bear a large portion of our weight, so they get wear and tear regularly. Leather has been the chief material in the manufacturing of shoes with the basic idea of making them durable.

However, making leather isn’t only difficult but is a costly process. Hemp fibers are an improved plan than materials like rubber, polymer, and plastic, which different shoemakers have used over the years.


Hemp can be used to make ropes, considering their high flexibility. Though various fibers, similar to coconut and jute, have been used for biodegradable strings, nothing is comparable to hemp.

Ropes and coils made of hemp have been used to create stunning masterpieces. Cords are not just woven to tie or hang objects; they have moreover been used to make beautiful artifacts and hemp products.


Hemp strands are widely used for making paper, resulting from vast deforestation. Hemp helps in the objective of this issue.

Since hemp is simple to create and inexpensive to grow, it may be used as a characteristic substance to make magnificent paper sheets.

What are the Pros and Cons of Hemp?

Now that you know what hemp fabric clothing is, let’s discuss its pros and cons.

Advantages of hemp

  • It is biodegradable and is highly compostable.
  • The production of hemp surface doesn’t need harmful substances like fertilizers, pesticides, or fungicides. This makes it a greener choice.
  • The porosity plan of hemp allows the air to circulate within it. Not just that, it also acts as an insulator when needed.
  • The voids within the fibers allow oxygen circulation, holding anaerobic microorganisms back from filling in sweat. Hence, hemp materials produce less odor when you sweat.

Disadvantages of Hemp

  • Hemp isn’t precisely as sensitive as cotton, and certain people don’t feel it to be good on their skin. However, it becomes softer after every wash. For a smoother surface, some manufacturers mix it in with cotton.
  • Hemp gets wrinkled quickly. Therefore, while washing and drying this fabric, extra care is required.
  • If you wear different colors, hemp isn’t for you as it doesn’t offer rich tones.
  • Pure hemp surface has a different smell, so bleach must be used to make hemp usable.

Hemp vs. Cotton: Who Stands Out Between the Two?

Hemp fabric is more durable than ordinary cotton. It doesn’t expand, so your garments stay in their shape for longer. The strands don’t pill and are protected from scratches, too.

If you’re searching for significant solid fabric material, hemp must be your choice. However, it can be stiff for many people and requires some time to get soft. Standard cotton is delicate, stretchy, and warm yet constantly pills.

You can purchase costly cotton, which will hold up better, but in the end, cotton will lose shape.

Moreover, cotton comparably takes more water to make. Although organic cotton utilizes less water than industrial cotton, the difference is only 10%.

In contrast to that, hemp takes even less water and also requires less amount of land. All of these factors make hemp a better choice as compared to cotton.

Different Brands that are producing Hemp Fabric Clothing

While discussing hemp fabric brands, some of the names that stand out are


VALANI believes we should live perfectly, which is why this ladies’ clothing brand utilizes delicate and liquid textures.

Embracing the connection between ladies and nature, the brand combines present-day, rigid, ethereal design with feasible filaments that are better for our planet.

The collection includes ethical dresses, tops, bottoms, and accessories with hemp as their chief material.


The popularity of Rawganique isn’t shocking, considering its spot among organic hemp clothing brands. Since hemp is one of the most flexible, strong, and sustainable materials, it’s their chief material in everything they make, from curtains to rugs and carpets to shoes and textiles.

You’ll find a scope of gender-neutral and reasonable contributions, including organic hemp shirts. Furthermore, their collection includes skirts, hemp pullovers, hoodies, joggers, and yoga pants.


Among hemp textiles, budget-conscious people will appreciate Toad & Co. It is a great place to find cheap hemp clothing.

While many of the hemp-style brands on this list focus on one category, this brand takes exceptional care of men.

This makes them one of the most outstanding hemp men’s clothing brands. They have ladies’ and men’s hemp pants, overalls, hoodies, dresses, tees, and lightweight coats.


Is hemp clothing costly? Many people have this question in their minds. But this question is demonstrated by Patagonia’s reasonable hemp clothing, which people can appreciate.

Their hemp fashion includes workwear and relaxed hemp shirts, shorts, overalls, socks, pants, caps, tanks, and coats.


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