what is compostable? Everything You Need to Know about Composting and Compostable Products

what is compostable: Everything You Need to Know about Composting and Compostable Products

Better packaging solutions are required for our world. In 2018, the EPA estimated that 28 percent of municipal solid waste comprised containers and packaging. It was concluded to be a huge 14.5 million tons of plastic containers and packaging.

These plastic polymers persist in the climate, creating critical dangers to nature, people, and untamed life, and how much plastic we’re shipping off landfills keeps developing.

To check this, organizations have begun offering biodegradable and compostable items. In any case, the terms aren’t compatible.

Loads of individuals think their natural waste, like food scraps, will decompose in a landfill, yet it will not.

Food scraps, plants, and other organic matter are returned to the earth to produce nutrient-rich soil through composting.

The purpose of landfills is not decomposition but rather storage.

Because landfills lack aeration, your organic matter remains perfectly preserved while floating around and emitting methane, a greenhouse gas 30 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Food scraps, plants, and other organic matter are returned to the earth to produce nutrient-rich soil through composting.

Additionally, it’s great for the planet and its climate. If you recently began finding out about what is compostable, products related to it, and composting, continue reading for a better understanding.

What is a Compostable Product, and How is it Produced?

The term “compostable” refers to a product that can break down into natural, non-toxic components at a rate comparable to similar organic material.

Compostable products require heat, humidity, and microorganisms to produce a finished compost product like CO2, water, inorganic compounds, and biomass.

What is Composting?

Now that you are familiar with what is compostable and compostable products, let’s check how they are produced. The natural process of recycling organic matter, like leaves and food scraps, into a useful fertilizer that can improve soil and plants is known as composting.

Regardless of what is produced, composting creates an ideal environment for bacteria, fungi, and other organisms that decompose, like worms, sowbugs, and nematodes, which accelerates the process.

In the end, compost is the resulting decomposed material, frequently appearing to be fertile and nutrient-rich garden soil. Commonly referred to as dark gold by farmers, compost is full of supplements and can be utilized for cultivating agriculture and farming.

Anaerobic digesters, smaller-scale community composting systems, and industrial-scale composting facilities are among the options for processing organic waste.

However, many focus on home composting, a great way to divert organic waste from landfills and create useful soil amendments.

What is the Difference between Compostable and Biodegradable Products? 

Both compostable and biodegradable organic waste can be recycled through biological or naturally occurring processes.

The primary difference between the two is that biodegradable materials can take an indeterminate amount of time to break down. Interestingly, Compostable materials will disintegrate into normal components within a particular period.

However, it will need certain conditions similar to those found in industrial compost facilities to accomplish this. A biodegradable item will ultimately separate into some natural materials under the right circumstances.

A product like a paper coffee cup lined with plastic could be an example of this. Even though the paper and plastic will eventually decompose, microplastic waste remains.

In contrast, Composting will turn extra food scraps, yard decorations, bio bags, and compostable food bundling items like paper coffee cups lined with plastic into natural matter or humus.

There are no harmful chemicals or plastics left behind as a result. To make things simpler, all that is compostable is additionally biodegradable. However, being biodegradable does not always imply to be certified compostable.

A Few Things You Can Compost Right at Home?

A few things you can compost right at home

If you are looking to compost at home, there are two different methods for it

  • Composting in your backyard using a compost bin that you can either purchase or create yourself
  • Vermicomposting with a bin

No matter your method, here is a list of products that can be composted at home by building a proper compost environment.


The primary stop for compostable materials is the kitchen. In the kitchen, there will be a lot of organic waste. Consider paper, food scraps, and even boxes of food.

Remember to break up many of these things as you put them in your compost bin.

  • Coffee grounds
  • Coffee filters
  • Tea bags
  • Paper grocery bags
  • Flour and sugar bags
  • Wine corks
  • Toothpicks
  • Cardboard boxes
  • Pepper seeds
  • Old oatmeal
  • Eggshells


Although the bathroom is the smallest room in the house, it can still be full of waste. Here are some of the products that can be composted

  • Compostable floss
  • Natural loofahs
  • Cardboard tampon applicators
  • Used facial tissues
  • Razor blade trimmings
  • Bamboo toothbrushes
  • Soap scraps
  • Hair from hairbrushes

Other Items

A few examples of compostable household items that don’t necessarily belong in any particular room are

  • Vacuum dust
  • Newsprint
  • Animal hair
  • Dryer build-up
  • Natural fibers in small pieces
  • Leaves
  • Grass clippings
  • Hair
  • Hay or straw
  • Herbivore manure, such as that from rabbits and other small mammals
  • Bedding from hamsters, rabbits, and guinea pigs
  • Flowers
  • Shredded paper
  • Sawdust
  • Chopped-up twigs and branches
  • Cardboard boxes without a glossy coating
  • Shredded, non-glossy junk mail
  • Old, ripped-up cotton clothing or jeans
  • Shredded cotton towels and sheets
  • Bills and other plain paper documents
  • Pencil shavings
  • Old business cards without a glossy coating
  • Envelopes without a plastic window
  • Subscription cards from magazines
  • Dead houseplants and their soil
  • Normal blend
  • Utilized matches
  • Ashes
  • Old rope and twine
  • Cut-up burlap sacks
  • Pieces from beneath the lounge chairs (select any inorganic stuff)
  • Dry cat or dog food (not to an extreme, or it could draw in bugs)
  • Feathers
  • Destroyed sticky notes
  • Fish pellets

The Benefits of Home Composting 

In other ways, composting is also referred to as nature’s recycling method. It is one of the most effective ways by which we can reduce waste, combat climate change, and cultivate healthy soil.

benefits of home composting

We can transform our waste streams into a beneficial, value-added soil amendment to protect the environment and build resilient communities by composting our yard trimmings and food scraps.

Some benefits of composting at home are

  • It is a brilliant method for recycling the food scraps and yard trim produced at home, and you can also manage the waste more reasonably.
  • By composting, you decrease the volume of materials that might end up in a landfill or dumpster, for example, leaves, grass clippings, yard trim, and food scraps. This prevents dangerous greenhouse gases from being discharged into the climate.
  • Composting can be fun because it requires little effort, equipment, money, and expertise.
  • You can save much money by delivering a free, excellent soil amendment that lessens the use of fertilizers and pesticides.
  • In your backyard, you can use your compost to build healthier soil, stop erosion, save water, and increase plant growth.

The Bottom Line

Since biodegradable is an unregulated term, it merely suggests being eco-accommodating while frequently being the inverse.

Compostable materials, on the other hand, are better for the environment. While searching for compostable products that are better for the climate, be careful with the deceptive term biodegradable.

Keeping everything in mind, you will now have a clear picture of what is compostable.  Make sure to search for the principles and accreditations of compostable products that fulfill ASTM D6400 guidelines.

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